장학생 세상만사

Korea Diplomacy, Now in Great Transformation?

신동민

Korea Diplomacy, Now in Great Transformation? The future of Korea - U.S. Alliance, it is a hot potato nowadays in Korean politics. Of course, there already have been many events between Korea ? U.S which can effect the traditional bilateral relation since Roh’s inauguration: highly expressed anti- U.S. sentiments mostly among young generation, withdrawing U.S. troops in Korea, and increasing peaceful mood between two Koreas. But, it is Roh’s declaration, 22, March, in a graduation ceremony of Sam Sa Guan, one of the military academies, that shows this possibility in public. He said “Korea should be the “Balancer” in North East Asia for keeping peace. I will distinguish between right and wrong as a sovereign state.” Moreover, the president added much detailed speaking that not just would be Korea in the southern triangle - that means the tactical military alliance among Korea, U.S., and Japan. It worries some conservators, including opposition party and a number of specialists in International Relations. Because they see the President expressed his will to secede from the conventional alliance and to seek alternatives, like pro-China policy, in the speaking. Balancer, What Is It? Balancer is one theoretical concept used in international politics. Scholars in International Relations suggest "Balance of Power" can be a main factor to keep world peace. When powers are balanced between opposing parties, conflicts can be managed well not to spread into hostile actions like war. The working principle is simple. If one state or a group of nations, so called alliances, is as strong as the other, then they dare not to do hostilities to each other because of expected retaliations. Balancer is the main agent who tries to keep this power equivalence. It should have diplomatic flexibility to move between both conflicting sides and substantial power like military and economic abilities to control neighbor states. The Britain from Napoleon ages to World War I who had moved liberally among France, Germany and Russia, can be a representative case. Korea, Balance What? If so, what does Korea balance? Many experts focus on the fact that America points out China as a potential enemy. As we can see in the cases like Missile Defense (MD) plan issued in the early years of Bush administration, there is possibility that conflicts between them would be realized as China becomes stronger. In fact, the change of cross - strait relation can be a miserable bud in North East Asia. Because China says publicly she will not decline to use force if Taiwan does actual actions to be independent. In contrast to this China’s hope, Chen Soo Ben, the prime minister of Taiwan, often says Taiwan should be separated from China. Korea'stroublecomes from here: Taiwan is now in diplomatically unofficial military alliance with America. That means if this problem is not managed well, Korea can be entrapped into the unwanted dispute because U.S. may want to call Korea to dispatch its army to support Taiwan. What is worse, all over the North East Asia can be involved into bigger conflict from this conflict, like the word of “Vortex.”, considering China and North Korea 's link. Furthermore, nowadays increasing disagreement among U.S., China and Japan dealing with North Korea Nuclear Crisis, and the problems of history adds some anxieties to this structural riskiness Korea faces. Hey, Korea, Where to Go? It seems that President's remark comes thinking these complex regional circumstances. Korea definitely needs U.S. to guarantee its security and to perform peaceful reunification process controlling North Korea’s sudden changes. But to be a balancer, Korea - U.S. alliance should be re-adjusted, but this problem is never easy, because America can abandon Korea in the course of adjusting and ask us to do roles that we never want. Will Korea be the leader realizing peace in this area? Does Korea have material capabilities to contain neighbor much stronger countries? The future of Korean diplomacy just lies on it. 민초 3기 서울대학교 신동민 gr2shin@hanmail.net

Wed Apr 27 2005 04:42:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)

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